213: Western Australia, with a population of just over 456,000 people, held the record for beer drinking among the States of Australia for 1937/38. The Coolgardie Miner reported on October 27 1938 that the consumption of beer was 15.772 gallons per head compared with the next best – Victoria, with 10.50 gallons per head. Victoria at this time had a population of just over 1.8 million people. Western Australia’s drink bill was £7/13/11 per capita. In 1911 the ‘Sandgropers’ drank 19.9 gallons of beer per head.
212: According to a Daily Telegraph report in 1904, figures revealed there were 782 hotels in Sydney, or one pub to every 597 persons. In comparison, there were 1,064 hotels in Melbourne, which worked out at one pub to every 464 persons.
211: BENJAMIN Roper, proprietor and licensee of the Turf Tavern Hotel at Epsom, died on May 12 1950, aged 84. His death ended a period of 92 years’ ownership by father and son – one of Victoria’s longest pub stewardships. Mr Roper’s father is believed to have built the Turf Tavern Hotel and was the proprietor for 42 years. His son took over in 1900. Benjamin Roper was born in the hotel, and lived there all his life. The original hotel was destroyed by fire, and rebuilt about 1900. The charming single storey building no longer trades as a pub, and today is a family residence.
210: The gill is a unit of measurement for volume equal to a quarter of a pint. It’s no longer in common use, except in regard to the volume of alcoholic spirits measures. During the 19th century it was common practice to order “a gill of rum”, which equalled five imperial fluid ounces.
209: The Hotel Marrickville had the longest public bar in NSW during the 1940s. Located at the corner of Illawarra Street and Marrickville Road, Marrickville, the building survives to this day (2019), but sadly not as a pub. In 1947 the Hotel Marrickville had a public bar 170 feet long – a total of 230 feet altogether in the public bar, and 390 feet in the entire hotel. The pub was built by Tooth and Company in 1939, and replaced the Victoria Hotel, which had traded from the site as far back as the 1890s.
207: How many publican’s licenses were there in NSW as at June 30, 1915? Answer: There were 2,650 publican’s licenses; 502 colonial wine licenses, and 76 club licenses in NSW in 1915. Many of the wine licenses were held by grocers. The fees the NSW Government received during the year for publicans licenses, extra bars, wine and club licenses amounted to £93,309.
206: At the 1951 Royal Commission into the liquor industry, it was revealed that the United Victuallers Association, the forerunner of today’s Australian Hotels’ Association, was lobbying for the adoption of what size glass as the maximum allowed to be served in pubs? Answer: 10oz middy glass.
205: What is Victoria’s oldest continuous hotel license operating today (2017)? Answer: The Gordon Hotel, located at 63 Bentinck Street Portland. The hotel was established in 1842 as the Commercial Inn and was rebuilt as the Gordon Hotel in 1890.
204: What year did Canberra’s oldest pub, and is its name and the first publican? Answer: The Old Canberra Inn pre-dates the city itself. It is located in the present day suburb of Lyneham. The original slab hut was built in 1857 by Joseph Schumack and in 1876 it was licensed by him as an inn. It was a coach stop on the Yass to Queanbeyan run until 1887 when it was sold to John Read. It became the Read family home until 1974, called The Pines until it was renovated and relicensed as the Old Canberra Inn. Its entry on the National Register of Heritage Places was rejected owing to the extensive refurbishments done to the building.
203: What was the name of the pub considered to be the oldest wattle-and-daub hotel in Australia, up until its closure in 2012, and where was it located? A: The Gold Fields Inn Hotel was established in 1866 and was the oldest wattle-and-daub hotel in Australia when it closed in 2012. Gold was found in Tuena (NSW) in 1851 and at its height, the population was over 10,000, but by 1869 the gold petered out and the population was less than 100. Today the town survives with a few historic buildings halfway between Bathurst and Goulburn.
202: What pub in Yamanto, Queensland boycotted selling CUB-produced beers, including Carlton Draught, Crown Lager, and the most popular beer in Australia, Victoria Bitter, in August 2016 in support for 55 workers who lost their jobs at Carlton & United Breweries A: The Grand Hotel, Yamanto Qld was one of many pubs across Australia who boycotted selling CUB beers as a result of the dispute.
201: Tooth and Company, NSW’s largest beer manufacturer at the time, made a play for the Victorian market in 1978 by acquiring what brewery? A: Courage Brewery.
200: IN 1884 a bill was unsuccessfully presented to the NSW Legislative Council to try and abolish what in the state’s pubs? A: Barmaids.
199: WHAT year was Surry Hill’s iconic Hollywood Hotel rebuilt in Sydney, and who was the architect? A: 1941, architect, J. M. Hellyer.
198: When was the first iconic 80-imperial-fluid-ounce (2,270 ml) Darwin stubby first introduced, and when did Carlton & United Breweries announced that they will no longer brew NT Draught on a regular basis? A: The Darwin Stubby was first introduced in April 1958. In May 2015 Carlton & United Breweries announced that they will no longer brew NT Draught on a regular basis.
197: What offer did the brothers who owned Foster’s Brewery promote to sell their beer in the late 1880s? A: Free ice.
196: What three Australian states introduced 6pm closing of hotels in 1916? A: NSW, Victoria and South Australia.
195: The Licenses Reduction Board was put to work to withdraw Victorian pub licenses in 1907 when there were 3,562 trading in the state. By 1919 how many pubs had the Board managed to close? A: almost 1,300 licenses were lost throughout Victoria.
194: WHAT year was the first NSW Government “Local Option Poll” – which enabled taxpayers of an electorate to decide by referendum to abolish, reduce, or maintain the number of pubs in the district – held? A: 1907. Out of NSW’s 90 electorates, 65 voted for reduction and 293 pubs and 46 wine bars lost their license as a result.
193: WHAT was the name of the “prototype” of the first metropolitan hotel in Australia? Where did it trade in Sydney and what year did it open? It is considered the first hotel that broke the mould of the small intimate colonial inn that dominated Sydney during the first 50 years of white settlement, and paved the way for the larger impersonal hotels that would follow. A: The Royal Hotel was built by John Terry Hughes and was opened in George Street Sydney on October 7 1841. It was five storeys high, contained almost 100 rooms including a public bar, two large saloons, dining-rooms, coffee-rooms, and billiard-room.
192: What is the most common name for a hotel in NSW? A: The Royal.
191: When is considered to be the year that revolutionised the pub industry in Australia, that also coincided with the building of the first motel, the first “international hotel” and the beggining of the move to the outer suburbs? A: 1955.
190: What year was Sydney’s famous Adam’s Marble Bar dismantled before the Tattersall’s Hotel was demolished to make way for the Hilton Hotel? A: 1970.
189: What pub has less than a four feet (1.22m) frontage to George Street, Sydney. A: Scruffy Murphy’s (former Goulburn Hotel). The majority of the pub faces Goulburn Street.
188: In brewing terms, what is grist? A: Crushed malt.
187: In beer brewing terms, what is wort? A: Unfermented beer.
186: WHAT pub claims to have installed the first drive-through bottle shop in Australia and in what year? A: Lags Pier Hotel, Lags Bay, South Australian in 1953.
185: What is a punt? A: The dent in the bottom of a beer bottle.
184: Who was the first woman publican licensed in Queensland, what was the hotel name, and in what year? A: Mary Dillon was granted a license for the Golden Fleece Hotel, South Brisbane on August 10 1843.
183: Sarah Bird is recognised as the first woman publican in the colonies of Australia, having been granted a license in New South Wales in 1797. Who was the first woman granted a permit to operate a pub in Tasmania and what was its name? A: The first woman granted a license in Tasmania was a widow, Mary Hayes, who ran the Derwent Hotel in Elizabeth Street Hobart C.1816.
182: What was voted by the AHA as the best regional pub in Western Australian in 2016? A: Mangrove Hotel, Broome.
181: According to Roy Morgan data what were the most popular beer brands among Australian men in 2016? A: Carlton Draught, Corona and XXXX Gold are the top three most popular beer brands among Aussie men, revealed recent Roy Morgan data. In an average seven-day period, 11.1 per cent of beer-drinking men consume Carlton Draught, fractionally ahead of Mexico’s most famous cerveza, Corona (11.0 per cent) and Queensland’s mid-strength staple, XXXX Gold (11.0 per cent).
180: What pub took out the 2016 AHA NSW Best Country Hotel? A: The Sunken Monkey Hotel, Erina
179: What was the 2016 Victorian AHA Hotel of the Year (regional & Metropolitan)? A: Cardinia Park Hotel – Beaconsfield (regional) and Zagame’s Berwick.
178: What was the 2016 Qld AHA Hotel of the Year? Prince Alfred Hotel, Booval
177: What was the 2016 NSW AHA Best City Hotel? A: Watsons Bay Boutique Hotel in Sydney’s east.
176: What pub took out the 2016 AHA regional hotel of the year? A: Sandstone Point Hotel, Sandstone Point, Queensland.
175: What pub took out the 2016 AHA metropolitan hotel of the year? A: Rosstown Hotel, Carnegie, Victoria.
174: When did the use of seven ounce beer glasses become legal in NSW pubs? A: April 13 1964.
173: How many licensed pubs were there in NSW in 1830? A: There were 210 licensed pubs in NSW during 1830, or one for every 217 people in the colony.
172: How many licensed pubs were there in Tasmania in 1830? A: There were 121 licensed pubs in Tasmania during 1830, or one for every 201 people in the colony.
171: How many licensed pubs were there in Western Australia in 1830? A: There were seven licensed pubs in WA during 1830, or one for every 167 people in the colony.
170: What was Melbourne’s first hotel to install a lift, and in what year? A: Menzies Hotel, corner of William and Bourke Streets, Melbourne in 1886.
169: What was the name of Sydney’s first hotel to install a lift and in what year? A: Royal Hotel, George Street Sydney, in 1886.
168: Who gets charged when an under age person is served grog in the pub? A: The licensee, the bar staff and the under age customer.
167: It’s illegal to drink in a hotel after it has closed, except in two circumstances, what are they? A: If finishing a drink within 15 minutes of closing, and if you’re staying at the hotel.
166: How big is a ‘firkin’ of beer? A: A firkin is a small keg of beer. It is nine imperial gallons, or just over 34 litres.
165: What is the standard size of a bar runner? A: One metre by 35cm
164: What’s the name of the publican who haunts Sydney’s Hero of Waterloo Hotel? A: Convict landlady, Anne Kirkman was murdered in the Miller’s Point pub in 1849. She was thrown down the cellar steps by her brutish husband after she discovered that he was having an affair with a younger girl who was also pregnant with his child. Anne is often heard playing the piano in the pub cellar late at night.
163: Which Australian Pub, at what location, has the longest lacework balcony in Australia? A: The Great Western Hotel ( built 1898) in the main street of Cobar in NSW has a timber veranda with cast-iron balustrades and an iron lacework balcony 100 metres long. The balcony is reputedly the longest cast iron veranda and balcony in Australia. See more: aussietowns.com.au
162: What Australian watering hole claims the title of the “biggest pub in the world”? A: The Eatons Hill Hotel in Brisbane is laying claim to being the biggest pub in the world after opening its doors to its 7,000-capacity interior in 2011. Valued at $30 million, the 7,500sqm pub boasts nine separate bars and 100 beer taps. Additionally, the venue has a 350-seat restaurant, a large beer garden and also claims to have the biggest TV in Queensland, which had to be specially imported from China.
161: What’s the name and where is the location of the biggest timber pub in Australia? A: The Malanda Hotel, Malanda on the Atherton Tablelands, North Queensland is entirely built from the timber of local trees. As you enter the restaurant section of the hotel, you will notice the prominence of these timbers, seen in the floorboards and the magnificent staircase (made from local Silky Oak) leading to the hotel rooms and second floor.
160: Who is the current (2017) president of the Australian Hotels Association Northern Territory branch? A: Mick Burns.
159: Who is the current (2017) president of the Australian Hotels Association Western Australian branch? A: Neil Randall.
158: Who is the current (2017) president of the Australian Hotels Association South Australian branch? A: Peter Hurley has been President of the AHA/SA since 1994.
157: What hotel in South Australia is known as ‘The Barbed Wire Pub’, for its unique collection? A: The Spalding Hotel, aka The Barbed Wire Pub, is a unique tourist attraction in the mid-north of South Australia. The hotel’s museum features one of the largest collections of barbed wire and associated fencing paraphernalia in Australia.
156: Who is the current (2017) president of the Australian Hotels Association Victorian branch? A: Peter Burnett, host of the Lord of the Isles Tavern, Newtown Geelong, Victoria.
155: Which brewery did the Tooheys brothers first buy? A: The Darling Brewery, Darling Harbour, Sydney.
154: The Exchange Hotel is a historic landmark hotel in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia. What year was it built? A: The hotel was built in 1900 for the Wilkie Brothers, contractors for the Southern Cross-Kalgoorlie railway line. They hired the construction team Shaw and Harcorn, and the architectural team Hawkins and Spriggs. It has two storeys and it made up of bricks, iron and a timber balustrade. It has a corner tower and corrugated galvanised iron gabled roof.
153: WHO is the current (2017) president of the Australian Hotels Association? A: Scott Leach.
152: What Sydney beer, now brewed by Carlton & United and only available in long neck bottles,was often called ‘Dirty Annie’? A: Resch’s Dinner Ale or ‘DA’.
151: According to Dubbo Council’s Heritage Walk Guide, which is the oldest operating pub in the in NSW central west city? A: The Commercial Hotel, established 1859.
150: WHO established Western Australia’s first brewery, what was the year, and what name did it eventually become known? A: In 1837 James Stokes established WA’s first brewery, which later became the Emu brewery.
149: At the peak of hotel activity in 1875, coinciding with the gold rush period, how many hotels were operating at one time in Bathurst NSW? A: 61.
148:What year did the first licensed pub open in Wollongong, what was its name, where was it located, and who was its publican? A: The Ship Inn was opened by George Brown in what is today McCabe Park, Church Street Wollongong, opposite the Illawarra Leagues Club, in 1830.
147: What is the largest selling beer in South Australia and when was it first brewed? A: West End Draught was first brewed in 1859. It is currently brewed by the South Australian Brewing Company.
146: How many middies does a jug hold in NSW? A: Nearly four.
145: AS of 2017 what is South Australia’s oldest continiously licensed pub and what year did it open? A: The oldest licensed pub is South Australia is the Edinburgh Castle in Currie Street, Adelaide. Its proprietor, John Guthrie, was granted the first license to sell alcohol in South Australia on 31 May 1837. The pub was originally known as Guthrie’s and parts of the original building are still in use.
144: WHAT pub claims the title of Australia’s oldest Irish pub? A: The Mercantile Hotel, The Rocks, Sydney NSW.
143: WHAT year did Carlton & United Breweries establish a brewery in Darwin and in what suburb? A: In 1956 Carlton & United Breweries established a brewery in Darwin, in the suburb of Berrimah. The first beer, Carlton Draught, was brewed on 13 October of that year.
142: WHAT brewery delivered us the iconic Darwin Stubby? A: Carlton & United.
141: IN what Sydney suburb will you find the Tooheys brewery? A: Lidcombe.
140: ACCORDING to data from the Medibank Better Health Index, what state consumes the most amount of alcohol in Australia? A: Queenslanders are the biggest drinkers, with Medibank Better Health Index data showing that those in Sunshine State are drinking an average of 11.14 alcoholic drinks per week.
139: ACCORDING to data from the Medibank Better Health Index, what state consumes the least amount of alcohol in Australia? A: Victorians are consuming the least amount of alcohol, drinking 9.79 alcoholic drinks per week — less than any other state.
138: WHO established the Swan Brewery in Perth, and in what year? A: In 1857 Frederick Sherwood established a new brewery at the foot of what is now Sherwood Court in Perth, calling it the Swan Brewery, after the black swans that he had seen on the river. He saw the Swan River as the ideal place to build a brewery, as the Swan provided fresh, clean water for making the beer, hiring convicts as a source of cheap labour.
137: What brewery made “India Pale Ale” in Melbourne? A: The South Australian Brewing Company.
136: WHERE does Australia sit on the list of countries by beer consumption, per capita, in the world ? A: At the last count in 2014, Australia sat at number 19 in the world, drinking 74.2 litres of beer annually, per capita. The Yanks outdone us, coming in at 17th, and drinking 75 litres annually per capita, while the Czech Republic put us all to shame, doubling the Aussies annual consumption, downing 142.6 litres annually per capita.
135: CAN a person be licensee of more than one hotel at a time in NSW? A: No.
134: WHAT were the weekly award wages for a barman, a cellarman and barmaid in1956? A: A barman was paid £14 and 13 shillings, a cellarman £15 11 shillings and six pence, and a barmaid £11 and seven shillings, each per week.
133: WHAT was the respective weekly award wages for a bartender in NSW, Victoria, South East Queensland and Tasmania on January 1 1990? A: NSW: $317.40, Vic: $315.50, SE Qld: $311.10, and Tas: $315.50.
132: CAN a NSW pub shut-up early, before its designated closing time? A: Yes, a NSW publican can close anytime he or she likes.
131: DURING 2006, after New South Wales, which respective Australian states and territories employed the most hotel staff? A: NSW: 54,803, Qld: 38,691, Vic: 35,750, WA: 24,563, SA: 20,966, Tas: 9,479, NT: 3,148 and ACT: 1,448.
130: WHAT measurement is considered a good size head on a glass of beer? A: About half an inch.
129: WHAT does the term “old” mean in beers? A: The beer is top fermented.
128: WHAT brewery sold the first beer in cans in Sydney, and in what year? A: Tooth & Co. was the first brewery to sell beer cans in Sydney in April 1962.
127: WHAT brewery sold the first beer in cans in Australia, and in what year and city?
A: Carlton United was the first Australian brewery to introduce steel beer cans in Melbourne during 1958.
126: HOW many hotels were trading in Australia in 2005, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)? A: There is no definitive official figure in relation to the number of hotels, although the ABS periodically survey’s the industry, and has published findings on many its characteristics. The ABS survey (published in 2006) reported that in the year ended 30 June 2005 (FY2005), there were 3,454 hotel businesses operating in Australia, from 4,252 premises.
125: IN what year was the first aluminium beer can cracked open in Australia? A: The first aluminium can used for beer in Australia was in 1972.
124: WHAT pub claims to have Victoria’s oldest pear tree growing in its beer garden? A: The Royal Melbourne Hotel, Bourke Street Melbourne. The tree is over 138 years old.
123. WHEN was New South Wales’ first known hotel license officially issued, what was the pub’s name and who was the publican? A: Ten licenses issued in April 1796. Of the 10, the only license that official survived is to James Larra, of the Masons Arms, Parramatta.
122. WHEN was Tasmania’s first hotel license officially issued, what was the pub’s name and who was the publican? A: The first license in Tasmania is thought to have been issued in 1804, however evidence is indirect. There was definately a license issued in 1805, but no details are known. The first known license is that of Thomas Hopkins, who was issued a license on July 27 1807 for the Whale Fishery in Hobart.
121. WHEN was Victoria’s first hotel license officially issued, what was the pub’s name and who was the publican? A: October 31 1836, Governor Bourke, Melbourne, Michael Carr.
120. WHEN was Western Australia’s first hotel license officially issued, what was the pub’s name and who was the publican? A: January 1 1830, Stirling Arms, Fremantle, Robert Thomas.
119. WHEN was South Australia’s first hotel license officially issued, what was the pub’s name and who was the publican? A: May 31 1837, Guthrie’s Hotel, Glenelg, George Guthrie.
118. WHEN was Queensland’s first hotel license officially issued, what was the pub’s name and who was the publican? A: September 26 1842, The Brisbane Hotel, South Brisbane, Robert Rowland.
117. If beer is warm will it pour heady or flat? A: Heady
116. The Foster brothers, William and Ralph, founded their brewery in Melbourne in 1888. They sold the brewery the following year and returned to their home country. What was their home country, and what was the name of the city they returned to? A: The United States of America. They returned to New York City.
115: what pub claims to be the oldest in Melbourne, Victoria, and what year did it open? A: The Duke of Wellington opened in 1853.
114: What pub claims the title of the oldest operating in the Sydney suburb of Surry Hills? A: The Carrington Hotel, Bourke Street. Established 1877.
113: When did Guiness first come to Australia? A: On board one of the 11 ships that comprised of the Third Fleet, which set sail from the United Kingdom in February, March and April 1791, bound for the Sydney penal settlement, with more than 2,000 convicts aboard.
112: At the end of the 19th century, what was the name of the brewery now known as Tooheys, and where was it located? A: The Standard Brewery, Elizabeth Street, Surry Hills, Sydney, NSW.
111: What size is the beer keg known as a ‘pin’? A: 4½ gallons or 2o litres.
110: What is a Jimmy Woodser? A: A name given to a man who drinks alone, or a drink consumed alone. The name is thought to come from a poem by Barcroft Boake, published in The Bulletin on May 7 1892, about a fictional Jimmy Wood from Britian who is determined to end the practice of ‘shouting’ (buying rounds of drinks for a group of mates), by drinking alone. See more: Old Jimmy Woodser.
109: A Bill was defeated in the NSW Legislative Council in 1884 in an effort to ban what in the state’s pubs? A: Barmaids.
108: What is the size of a Northern Territorian beer glass, called the ‘Handle’? A: 10 oz / 285ml or the size of a New South Wales ‘middie’.
107: What year did barmaids start getting equal pay as barmen? A: 1969.
106: How much was a large bottle of beer in NSW in 1967? A: 36 cents.
105: What gas is used to pump beer to the taps for pouring? A: CO2 nitrogen mix
104: What is the name of the famous historic Australian pub that survived its third tropical cyclone on Christmas Day 1974. It is currently closed for business (2016)? A: The Victoria Hotel (Better known as the Vic), Darwin, Northern Territory.
103: How do you make a ‘black tan’? A: Half beer, half stout.
102: What is a portergaff? A: Stout and lemonade.
101: What do Victorians ask for when ordering a seven ounce glass of beer? A: A Glass.
100: What do Queenslanders ask for when ordering a seven ounce glass of beer? A: A Beer.
99: When did it become legal to sell a ‘pony’ (seven ounce glass) of beer in NSW? A: April 13 1964.
98: WHAT do New South Welshmen call a 7oz glass of beer. The name has almost died-out, but is still used in some country pubs? A: Pony.
97: What do Queenslanders call a New South Wales’ middie glass of beer? A: A pot.
96: How much beer does a yard glass hold? 5 pints or 100 fluid ounces.
95: In Western Australia a 4oz (115ml) beer glass is called? A Shetland Pony.
94: What is a 7oz (200ml) beer glass called in South Australia? A: Butcher.
93: How big is a schooner glass in South Australia? A: 10 oz (285 ml)
92: What model of Chevy truck is parked on top of the Ettamogah pub? A: 1927
91: At the turn of last century what was the name of the brewery we now know as Tooheys? A: The Standard Brewery
90: AFTER the Cascade Brewery was destroyed in the 1967 Tasmanian bushires, which brewery canned their beer while they rebuilt? A: Carlton United Brewery.
89: Before he was US President, Herbert Hoover was a regular guest at what grand old Western Australian hotel? His mirror and a poem he wrote to a barmaid he fell in love with is said to remain at the gold rush pub. A: Palace Hotel, Kalgoorlie, Western Australia.
88: WHAT is the name of the only community-owned pub in Western Australia? A: Dwellingup Community Hotel is located 100km south of Perth. It was the only building to survive the town’s devastating bushfire in 1961, it was bought by the community, and remains the only community-owned pub in Western Australia.
87: Legend has it that Australia’s unofficial national anthem and much loved song, Waltzing Matilda, penned by Banjo Paterson, was sung for the first time at what Queensland pub? A: North Gregory Hotel, Winton, north-west Queensland.
86: What’s the Northern Territory’s oldest trading pub? A: The Daly Waters Pub has been serving beer to travellers in outback Australia since 1893.
85: In the 1960s artist Clifton Pugh befriended the publican of what pub and created some priceless murals on his outback hotel walls. Other artists, including Richard Armor, Russell Drysdale and Eric Minchen have also added to the pub’s gallery over the years. A: Family Hotel, Tibooburra (pictures: visitnsw.com).
84: What is considered to be Australia’s smallest pub, with a bar just 1.2 metres long – just enough to fit comfortably two thirsty drinkers? A: The Lynd Oasis Road House, located 300km North West of Townsville (Harvey’s Range Road) in outback Queensland.
83: WHAT is the name of the pub where Mick Dundee (Paul Hogan) enjoyed a beer in the movie, Crocodile Dundee, and what is the name of the Queensland outback town where it trades? A: Walkabout Creek Hotel, McKinlay.
82: Who is considered to hold the record of the oldest publican in Australia, and what pub did she host?
A: The title of Australia’s oldest publican is said to belong to Margaret Alice Ring (Ma Ring), who hosted the New Brighton Hotel at Billinudgel – a town in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales.
New Zealand born ‘Ma’ took over as the licensee of the New Brighton Hotel in 1929 and remained as host for 53 years until her death in 1983 at the age of 101. She was married in New Zealand around 1900, where she had one daughter, who was born in 1907.
Ma lost her husband in 1909 after he had fallen ill with typhoid, and she came to Australia in the late 1920s, leaving her adult daughter in New Zealand.
At the time of her death in 1983 she was considered to be the oldest publican in Australia. Among her many claims to fame are that she taught former Australian prime minister Bob Hawke how to pull a beer, and was awarded an MBE for community service.
A painting of Ma hangs over the public bar of the now re-named Billinudgel Hotel.
81: IN what Melbourne pub does the famous nude, “Chloe” (pictured above) grace the wall? A: Young & Jackson’s Hotel.
80: In what outback pub was the famous scene from “Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert (1993) filmed? A: Silverton Hotel, Silverton, NSW.
79: What is considered the correct temperature to serve Australian beer? A: 5 – 7◦ C
78: Which Australian brewery first produced the 250m twist top bottle of beer? A: Tooheys.
77: What year were ring-pulls introduced into Australia? A: 1968.
76: What year did Tooth & Co buy out Resch’s Limited Brewery in Sydney? A: 1929
75: What brewery served up Oatmeal Stout? A: Toohey’s Limited.
74: What is the name of Australia’s only underground hotel, and where is it located? A: The Desert Cave Hotel, Coober Pedy, South Australia.
73: What pub claims to have the tallest bar and pub stools (1.3m) in the southern hempisphere? A: The Black Stump Hotel, Merriwagga.
72: How many breweries were there in Melbourne in 1889? A: Nine.
71: When was the ‘bottle shop license’ introduced into NSW, allowing single bottles sales? A: December 13 1966.
70: What is the “sparkle” in a beer? A: The bubbles that rise from the bottom.
69: What is considered the most geographically central pub in Australia? A: The Kulgera Roadhouse/Pub, Northern Territory. The pub is located 275 kilometres south of Alice Springs and 21 kilometres north of the border with South Australia, making it the southernmost permanent settlement in the Northern Territory and the most central pub in Australia [Image: Google].
68: IF you ordered a ‘cold gold’ in the 1970s, what beer would you get? A: Can of KB Lager.
67: WHAT is ‘lace’, and is it good to have it in your beer glass? A: Lace is the frothy pattern the beer leaves as circles on the inside of your glass… And, yes, you should be happy to have them, they are a sign of a good beer.
66: ACCORDING to the Australian Hotels Association’s overview of the industry in 2009, AHA suggest there were at least how many pubs in New South Wales? A: 1,689 (About 100 less than in 2005).
65: ACCORDING to the Australian Hotels Association’s overview of the industry in 2009, how many hotels traded in Australia, and how many people were employed in the industry? A: There were an estimated 6,807 hotels in Australia in 2009. Extrapolating from PriceWaterhouseCoopers’ survey findings regarding average employment per hotel would have generated an overall industry employment figure of 188,000.
64: What is the most western pub in Australia? A: Rumah Tinggi Tavern, Christmas Island.
63: What is the most western mainland pub in Australia? A: Shark Bay Hotel, Denham Western Australia.
62: What is the most southern pub in Australia? A: Southport Hotel, Tasmania.
61: What is the most eastern pub in Australia? A: Beach Hotel, Byron Bay, NSW.
60: What is the most northern pub in Australia? A: Royal Hotel, Thursday Island.
59: What is the most northern mainland pub in Australia? A: The Bamaga Tavern, Bamaga, Queensland.
58: WHAT pub claims the title of Western Australia’s oldest? A: The Rose & Crown Hotel in the Perth suburb of Guildford was built in 1841. The hand swan beams in the “smugglers’ cellar” has markings dating back to 1837. It is a traditional Australian Georgian pub that has become famous for its now collapsed grog smuggler tunnel that run underground for hundreds of meters to the Swan River.
57: What is the largest Australian-owned brewery as of 2016? A: The largest Australian-owned brewery is the family-owned Coopers Brewery, as the other two major breweries Foster’s Group and Lion Nathan are owned by the British-South African SABMiller and the Japanese Kirin Brewing Company, respectively.
56: What is the name of the oldest continually operating brewery in Australia, where is it located and what year was it established? A: Cascade Brewery was established in 1832 in South Hobart, Tasmania.
55: What is the name of the pub which in 1990 took the Guinness World Record for the largest beer can anywhere in the world and as recently as 2012 was named among the Australia’s top 10 “Big” attractions. A: The Grand Hotel, Cobar. The humorous beer stands 5m high and 2.5m wide. It’s so large that if it was filled with actual beer it could hold up to 24,000 litres. It sits on the awning of the western NSW pub.
54: What was the name of the first Laundy family pub, and where was it located in Sydney? A: Arthur Laundy Senior, and his wife Veronica started the family pub business in 1945 with the Sackville Hotel, Rozelle.
53: What south west Sydney pub is known effectionately by the locals as “The Snake Pit”? A: The Yagoona Tavern, Yagoona.
52: What year was Fosters Lager first brewed? A: 1888.
51: What was the original name of the Keg & Brew Hotel on the corner of Commonwealth and Foveaux Streets, Surry Hills, NSW? A: The KB [Kent Brewery] Hotel.
50: In what year was the closing hour in pubs in New South Wales reduced from 11pm Monday to Saturday, to 6pm Monday to Saturday? A: 1916.
49: What is the oldest trading pub (although in updated premises) in Wollongong? A: The Harp Hotel, established 1839.
48: What is the name of the oldest pub building still operating in the Wollongong local government area, and what year was it completed and opened? A: The Scarborough Hotel, Scarborough. It was built in 1886 and opened the following year.
47: IN 1989 the Australian Hotels Association carried out a fundraising campaign called the “All Australian Pub Collection” by placing donation tins in pubs around the nation. Which well-known Aussie charity received the money raised? A: The Royal Flying Doctor Service.
46: What is the name of the hotel in Condell Park, near the Bankstown Airport? A: The High Flyer.
45: Sarah Bird, 27, was the first woman to hold a license in her own name in New South Wales. What year was the license granted, and what was the name of the pub? A: 1797, The Jolly Settler.
44: Where is NSW can you find the Rag & Famish Hotel? A: North Sydney.
43: What is a kilderkin? A: An 18 gallon keg (81 litres).
42: In what town would you find the Drovers Dog Hotel in New South Wales? A: Eumungerie
41: What brewery and in what year did Sydney get its first canned beer? A: Tooths in 1962.
40: Which brewery first canned beer in Australia and in what year? A: Carlton & United Brewery in 1958.
39: Is an ale top or bottom fermented? A: Top fermented.
38: What are the four basic ingredients of beer? A: Water, malt, hops and yeast.
37: When year was the Macquarie Arms Hotel, Windsor first licensed? A: May 1815.
36: When did NSW get Sunday trading of pubs? A: December 14 1979.
35: When did NSW pubs closing time extend from 10pm to 11pm? A: December 14 1979.
34: How many pubs were there in NSW in 1989? A: 2,005
33: THE Cascade Brewery in Tasmania is at the foot of what mountain? A: Mount Wellington.
32: WHAT Victorian brewery (no longer in existance) featured VFL footy stars on the back of their cans many years ago? A: Courage.
31: WHEN New South Wales pubs’ closing times were extended from 6pm to 10pm on February 1 1955, publicans were forced by law to turn the taps off between 6.30pm to 7.30pm for “meal breaks”. When was this abolished? A: March 8 1963.
30: What year did John Tooth start brewing his famous beer in Sydney? A: 1835.
29: Who brewed the first beer in Australia? A: John Boston.
28: WHICH famous Australian writer and poet said “Beer makes you feel like you ought to feel without beer”? A: Henry Lawson.
27: WHAT is the name of Australia’s first boutique pub brewery, where is it located and what year did it open? A: The Sail and Anchor, Fremantle Western Australia. It opened in 1986.
26: WHAT is the name of the Sydney hotel that Australian Olympic swimming legend Dawn Fraser hosted from 1978 to 1983, and what inner-west suburb is it located? A: The Riverview Hotel, Balmain.
25: Can a New South Wales hotel close early, if the publican or manager wants to turn the beer off before normal legislated closing time? A: The manager or publican can open or close his pub any time he or she wishes.
24: What is the current (2016) name of the hotel – established in the 1850s – in Sydney’s inner-west once known as the Honest Irishman? A: Camperdown Hotel
23: WHAT were the Christian names of the two Toohey’s brothers who started a brewery of the same name? A: James and John.
22: ON the can of Tooth beer, what did the KB stand for (and don’t say Kids Beer!)? A: Kent Brewery.
21: What beer commercial did Australian actor, John Meillion lend his voice? A: VB or Victorian Bitter.
20: IN which Queensland pub did His Royal Highness Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, have his first beer? A: The Rose & Crown, Brisbane.
19: WHAT is the name of the little bloke on the XXXX label? A: Mr. Fourex.
18: WHAT is the name of the old bearded fellow Carlton United Brewery used in their beer advertising (C1907), who said “Ï allus has wan at eleven”? A: Sam Knot.
17: In 1956 what was the weekly award wage for: (i) a barman, (ii) a cellarman (iii) a barmaid? A: (i) barman £15/13/- (ii) a cellarman £15/11/6 (iii) a barmaid £11/7/-
16: IT’S well known that former Australian prime minister, Bob Hawke was the one time world beer drinking champion, but how much did he drink, how quickly, when in 1955 he won the title? A: 12 second for 2.5 pints.
15: WHAT brewery made Sydney Draught beer? A: Tooth & Co.
14: WHAT is the name of Australia’s oldest continuously licensed hotel building, and where is it located? A: Bush Inn, New Norfolk, Tasmania. See Time Gents’ story: Bush Inn, Tasmania.
13: WHICH brewery made White Horse Ale? A: Tooth & Co.
12: WHICH beer did Greg Norman, Wayne Gradiner, Pamella Stephenson, and Darryl Somers, advertise? A: Fosters
11: WHICH 1970s pop group sang “This is my City”, which contained the lyrics, “back in the land of pie and sauce, drinking flat beer with no third course”? A: Skyhooks
10: HOW big was the first NSW beer can, made by Tooths Brewery? 26 Fl oz or 738.7396ml
9: WHICH glass manufacturing company made the majority of beer glasses for Australian pubs in 1990? A: Crown Corning
8: WHICH pub at The Rocks sells “Nelson’s Blood”, a 4.9 per cent porter beer? A: The Lord Nelson.
7: WHICH brewery had the 1989 Ashes series commemerative can? A: XXXX
6: WHAT is a ‘bung’? A: The stopper in a beer barrel. Bung was also slang for publican during the late 19th and early 20th century.
5: WHEN did beer cans go from imperial to metric measurement in Australia? A: 1972
4: What year was beer first brewed in Australia? A: 1796
3: HOW much did a 13oz glass (longsleever) of beer cost in 1939? A: Sixpence (6d).
2: WHAT year was the closing time extended from 6pm to 10pm in New South Wales pubs? A: 1955.
1: FOR years, pubs weren’t allowed to open before midday on ANZAC Day, what year did this change, enabling them to open at normal times? A: 1980